Correct outfit in the field - what to pay attention to?
In wild terrain, the weather conditions can change suddenly and unexpectedly, so I try to dress in a layered system. Thanks to this, I am able to prevent cooling down or overheating of the body, reacting immediately to any weather breakdown.
The layers I use:
- underwear, adhering directly to the body and draining sweat,
- a layer that maintains the right body temperature (depending on the season, it is a flannel shirt, fleece or wool sweater),
- jacket with a membrane providing protection against rain and wind.
Depending on the prevailing temperatures, I choose intermediate layers, e.g. an additional sweatshirt between the underwear and the fleece. We are on the military-survival blog, so it is worth mentioning that the elements of the Polish field uniform are also selected based on the layered system.
The clothing layers allow you to regulate the body temperature by pulling them off or putting on new ones. In a life-threatening situation, it is extremely important, because this way you can find a safe line between excessive sweating (overheating) and body cooling. Applying too many layers leads to the secretion of a large amount of sweat, which causes the underwear to get wet and, in consequence, to cool the body, in extreme cases leading to hypothermia (body temperature drop below 35 degrees Celsius).
When the ambient temperature drops below a few degrees Celsius, gloves and a hat, through which up to 50% of heat is lost, are essential.
Shoes turn out to be a key element of clothing in the case of survival activities.
What is worth remembering when choosing them?
- shoes should be half a size too large to accommodate swollen feet or feet wearing two pairs of socks,
- the high upper will ensure proper stabilization of the ankle and prevent it from twisting, it will also protect against snake bites,
- shoes must be light. During a long walk, additional weight is not recommended,
- the higher degree of water resistance of the shoes brings with it lower breathability.
I am aware of how difficult it is to start tedious cleaning of shoes and clothes after a few days in the field. However, this is an unfortunate necessity. Dirty and damp clothing loses its insulating properties and durability. That is why regular washing and drying is so important. Footwear requires special care. Then, whenever possible, they should be impregnated with appropriate nursing agents and dried, as wet causes abrasions to the feet.
Author: Kajetan Adventurer Wilczyński